SWS: Poor Families Rise To 11.1M

A recent survey conducted by Social Weather Stations (SWS) discovered an estimated 11.1 million Filipino households consider themselves poor last March, while up from 9.1 million households in December.

The results of the survey was first published in BusinessWorld and found out that 55 percent of the respondents rated their households poor, 10 percent higher than the 45 percent three months earlier.

A rise of 9 points from the 36 percent or 7.2 million families are recorded in the previous quarter saying that they were poor in terms of food, an amount that translates to approximately 9.1 million families which accounted for the 45 percent.

It was with the Aquino administration that the figures went up this high.

SWS used face-to-face interviews as a mean to use for the noncommissioned survey, which had a margin of error of plus or minus 3 percentage points for national percentages and plus or minus 6 percentage points for area percentages.

The record for self-rated food poverty was posted at 59 percent under the Ramos administration in April 1994 and in September 2002 under the Arroyo administration, while the record for self-rated poverty was posted in July 1985 at 74 percent under the Marcos regime.

Malacañang reacted last Thursday to the survey results saying that it was “natural” to see variations in the levels of self-rated poverty because the government’s antipoverty programs were taking time to be significantly felt.

Programs take time

President Benigno Aquino III’s spokesperson, Secretary Edwin Lacierda, acknowledged that discernments of poverty were among the indicators that the administration was looking at.

“As we have said in the beginning, antipoverty programs take some time before the effects are felt on a sustained basis,” Lacierda said in a news briefing.

“In the meantime, it is natural to see fluctuations in self-rated poverty,” he added.

Lacierda, nevertheless has provided subjective evidences of the government’s conditional cash transfer program benefiting target beneficiaries.

“We have heard for instance, when we were in Roxas City… one mother showed how her child was able to buy a new school bag, new shoes. She was also able to buy vitamins for her child,” Lacierda said.

For the survey, SWS showed a card to 1,200 adults nationwide and asked them, “Where would you place your family on this card?” The choices included “not poor,” “on the line” and “poor.”

Self-rated poverty scaled sharply in Mindanao having 72 percent in March from 38 percent in December. Also, it mounted in the Visayas island from 52 percent previously to 61 percent.

But on the other hand the percentages for Metro Manila from 47 percent to 46 percent while the rest of Luzon managed to maintain its 45 percent, remained basically unaffected.

Self-rated poverty also levitated among those living in the rural areas having 49 percent last December and 66 percent in March, but rarely changed among those in the urban areas amounting to 41 percent to 40 percent respectively.

Food poverty

For self-rated food poverty, SWS asked respondents “Based on the type of food eaten by your family, where would you place your family on this card?” Respondents were made to choose from “not poor,” “on the line” and “poor.”

Self-rated food poverty poured in Mindanao with respect to 30 percent last December while 64 percent in March. It also escalated in the Visayas from 43 percent to 47 percent but hardly changed in Metro Manila and the rest of Luzon with just a difference of 1 percent last December.

SWS also determined the self-rated poverty threshold of respondents who considered their households poor or food-poor by asking how much they  needed monthly so as not to consider themselves poor.

The median poverty threshold rose in Metro Manila to P12,000 from P10,000, in Luzon outside Metro Manila to P10,000 from P6,000, in the Visayas to P8,000 from P6,000 and in Mindanao to P7,000 from P6,000.

The median food-poverty threshold in Metro Manila rose to P6,500 from P5,000. In Luzon outside Metro Manila, it rose to P5,000 from P4,000.

It went up to P4,500 from P3,750 in the Visayas and to P4,000 from P3,500 in Mindanao.

Noynoy tops another survey, nearly 50% will vote for him

Sen. Noynoy Aquino

(UPDATE 3 – 9:52 pm) Once again, Liberal Party standard-bearer Senator Benigno Simeon “Noynoy” Aquino III has topped a nationwide survey, with almost half of the respondents saying they will vote form him as president.

Results of the December 5 to 10 survey conducted by pollster Social Weather Stations (SWS) showed that 46 percent of 2,100 respondents had chosen Aquino. The same survey also showed Aquino’s running-mate, Sen. Manuel “Mar” Roxas II, leading the pack of vice presidential bets in 2010.

The SWS presented the respondents with a list of 11 presidential aspirants and were asked: “Sa mga sumusunod na pangalan sa listahang ito, sino po ang malamang ninyong iboboto bilang presidente ng Pilipinas, kung ang eleksyon ay gaganapin ngayon?”

Read more >>

Hunger up following storms

HUNGER ROSE by over a percentage point in the month following a battering by two strong storms, a special survey by the Social Weather Stations (SWS) showed.

The number of households that experienced having nothing to eat rose to 3.5 million, boosted by the addition of some 300,000 families located mainly in Luzon outside of Metro Manila.

From 17.5% as of Sept. 18-21, hunger rose to 18.9% in the Oct. 24-27 survey, the results of which were made exclusive to BusinessWorld.

An economist said the increase could be due to the failure to quickly distribute relief goods in storm-hit areas, while government officials said the number should decline soon.

The survey, conducted on top of the SWS’ regular quarterly review, was made possible by the addition, with permission, of a questionnaire for household heads in a privately commissioned poll.

Read More>>

Villar tops latest survey

Senator Manuel Villar Jr. topped the list of potential presidential candidates whom the respondents want to succeed President Arroyo in 2010, the latest Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey results showed.

In the nationwide survey fielded over June 19 to 22 among 1,500 respondents, results showed that Villar gained the nod of 33 percent of those asked in June from 26 percent last February.

Vice President Noli de Castro, the frontrunner in the past surveys, slipped with just 19 percent from 27 percent in the February survey.

Read more…

Poll: Pinoys believe first love never dies

MANILA, Philippines – More than half or 55 percent of Filipino adults believe that “first love never dies,” while seven out of 10 Filipinos agree with the statement, “If you love someone then set him free, if he/she comes back again it was meant to be,” the Social Weather Stations (SWS) reported after a recent survey.

The Fourth Quarter 2008 Social Weather Survey was conducted from Nov. 28 to Dec. 1, using face-to-face interviews of 1,500 adults divided into random samples of 300 each in Metro Manila, Visayas, and Mindanao and 600 in balance Luzon.

The December 2008 survey asked the respondents, “Naniniwala po ba kayo sa kasabihan na ang unang pag-ibig daw po ay hindi namamatay (Do you believe in the saying that first love never dies?)”

The survey showed that 59 percent of the respondents in the Visayas, 57 percent in Mindanao, and 52 percent each in balance Luzon and Metro Manila believed in the saying. [Read More...]