Across the world and especially in post colonial countries, aspects of ancient indigenous cultures have over generations been progressively fragmented, marginalized, and sometimes simply lost forever, obliterated by change.
Some aspects have adapted and transformed, but entire languages have vanished. Others survive only in the heads of, literally, just a handful of elders. So it is with music and song, and the traditions of communication, spiritualism and healing that are an inseparable part of music and song.
The Philippines is a nation particularly fragmented. Hundreds of years of colonialism shattered and submerged much of the indigenous tribal cultures, from language and scripts to music and spirituality.
Whatever was left struggled to stay afloat on a sea of seductive Western culture.